Thank you for your interest in Nepali language. On this page you will find very helpful tips and techniques from which you can communicate in Nepali language.

The very first thing you should learn is to say "Hello" in Nepali. In Nepali, you can say "Namaste" for "Hello". When you say "Namaste" to Nepali, then he will be very happy and will be eager to communicate with you. Nepali are by nature very polite and good listeners.

After saying hello you might be interested to ask "How are you ?" 

English : How are you ?
Nepali :  " Ke chha timro halkhabar ? "  Or you can say
              " Timilai aja kasto cha ?" For friends or juniors

Tip : Let us analyze the sentence. The grammar of Nepali is little bit different than the grammar in English. Here "halkhabar" means your health , may be mood etc. On the second sentence "Timilai aja kasto cha ?" may refer to "How are you today? " as well.  The direct meaning of today is "aja".

For elders or respected people 
              " Ke cha tapaiko/ hajurko halkhabar ? "
              "Tapailai / Hajurlai aja kasto cha ? "

Tip : The only thing you can see different is "timi" is changed to "hajur" or "tapai".

Now once you can say "Hello" and "How are you ? " I think you would definitely want to learn how to answer that as well.

English : I am fine
Nepali :  Ma sanchai chu.  ( Ma = "I ", sanchai = "fine", chu = "am")

Let me introduce the Nepalese Language in simple way. I will list various nouns, pronouns, verbs and adjectives and finally present some conversations in Nepali. Conversations include health, transportation, shopping and bargaining, directions, porters etc.

Pronouns
I ma                           
you (polite) (familiar, for kids) tapaai, timi
we haami
he/she (polite)
familiar
wahan
u

For possessives, add - "ko" to the pronoun, name, or noun :

Ram's daughter        Ramko chori
Wheat flour             gauko pitho
Whose book ?          Kasko kitaab ?

Here are some very useful nouns :

Nouns
Book kitaab
Bottle sisi
bridge pul, saanghu
candle mainbatti
chicken khukhura
cow gaai
cup gilas, kap
dog kukur
electricity bijuli
fire aago
firewood daura
foot (and leg) khutta
forest ban, jungle
government sarkaar
hill lekh, pahaad, danda
house ghar
inn, lodge laj
kerosene mattitel
knife chakku, khukuri
light(lamp) batti
load bhaari
luggage samaan
matches salaai
medicine aausadhi, okhati
pass bhanjyang,
pen kalaam
place thau
porter kulli, bokne manche
religion dharma
river khola


In Nepali language, in most of the places verb is used at the last. You may feel little weird because in English language, there is a simple strucutre of Sentence like

Subject + verb + compliment / object

Let's have a look at some commonly used verbs that will help you make some sensible good sentences.


Commonly used Verbs
arrive pugnu
buy kinnu
carry boknu
come aaunu
cook pakaunu
do garnu
eat( also drink) khanu
 (to be ) enough pugnu
forget birsinu
give dinu
go jaanu
help madat garnu
look for khojnu
meet bhetnu
need chahinu
put rakhnu
read, study padhnu
rest aaram garnu
return pharkinu, pheri aaunu
sell bechnu
sit, stay basnu
sleep sutnu
take linu
teach sikaunu, padhanu
throw out phalnu
try kosis garnu
understand bujhnu
wait parkhanu
walk hidnu
wash dhunu ( face, clothes)
work kaam garnu
run daudinu
write lekhnu
   

Useful Dual Verbs:

v. + huncha : to be okey to
Haami yahaa basna huncha ?  Is it okay for us to stay here ?

v. + sakcha to be possible to, able to
Tapai bholi jana saknuhuncha ? Can you go tomorrow ?

v. + parcha : to must, have to do something
Bholi bihana saberai janu parcha. Tomorrow we'll have to leave early in the morning.

v. + man lagcha : to like doing something
Malai Nepalma ghumna jana dheri man parcha . I like wandering around in Nepal a lot.

Nepali Conversations :

Basic :
How are you ?               Tapailai kasto cha ? (or simply Aramai ?)
I am fine and you ?         Malai sanchai cha, tapai ni ?
I'm / it's okey.                Thik chha.
What's up ?                    Ke chaa ?
What's the matter, what happened ?  Ke bhayo ?
What's your name ?         Tapaiko naam ke ho ?
My name is ..........           Mero naam ............ ho .
Where do you live ?          Tapai kahan basnu huncha ?
I'm from US.                    Ma American hu.
How old are you ?            Tapaiko umer kati bhayo ?
I'm 25 years old.               Mero umer 25 barsa bhayo.
Are you married ?             Tapaiko bihaa bhayo ?
Yes I am/ No I 'm not        Bhayo/ Bhayako chaina.
Do you have children ?       Tapaiko baccha cha ?
How many ? Boy or girl ?    Kati jana cha? chora ki chori ?
What kind of word do you do ?  Tapaile k kaam garnu huncha ?
Do you speak English ?              Tapaile English bolnu huncha ?
I speak a little.                         Ma ali ali bolchu.
Please speak slowly.                Bistarai bolnuhos.
I understand.                          Maile bujhe.
I don't understand.                  Maile bujhina.
Pardon ?                                 Hajur ?
Excuse me.                             Maaph garnuhos.
Let's go.                                 Jaau / jam
don't worry.                            Chinta nagarnuhos.
don't be angry.                        Narishaunuhos.
Go away.                                para jau
You shouldn't beg.                   Magnu hudaina.
I won't give anything.                Ma kehi pani dinna.
Don't give me trouble.               Dukha nadeu

Health Conversations :

I'm sick.                               Ma birami bhaye.
Where does it hurt ?              Tapailai kahan dukcha ?
Stomach ache.                       Pet dukcha.
Diarrhoea.                             Pakhala lagyo.
Fever.                                   Jwaro aayo.
Headache.                             Tauko dukhyo.
I'm tired.                               Thakai lagyo.

Shopping and Bargaining :

Do you have ...... ?                ........ chha ki chaina ?
Where can i get ........... ?      ......... kahan paucha ?  
  
How much is this ?                 Yesko kati ?
How much per kilo ?               Kiloko kati ?
How much for this food ?        khanekurako kati ?
How much for one ?                Aaauta ko kati ?
How much total ?                     Jamma kati bhayo ? total kati ?
No that's too expensive. Give me a little cheaper, please.
Hoina, tyo mahango bhayo. Ali sasto ma dinuhos.
Give me your best price.           Thikka bhannuhos.
Please give me for Rs 90.          nabbe rupaiyama dinuhos.
Here's the money.                       Paisa linuhos.
Bill, please.                                 Hisaab garnuhos.

Transportation :

Where is this bus going ?                            Yo bus kahan jancha ?
How much is a ticket to .......  ?                  ............... jaane tikat ko kati ?
What time will we reach ........... ?               ............. maa kati baje pugcha ?
What time do we go ?                                 Kati baje jancha ?
Taxi ! Are you empty ?                               Taxi khali ho ?
Please go to Durbar Marg.                          Durbar Margma januhos.
Put on the meter.                                         Mitaarma januhoos na.
I'll give one-and-a-half times the meter.        Ma mitaarko dedhi dinchu.
How much to go to Patan ?                          Patan jana kati parcha ?

Directions:

Where is ........ ?                                       ............. kahan cha ?
Which is the trail to Namche ?                   Namchema pugnalaai kun bato jancha ?
Which trail is the fastest / best/ easiest ?     Kun bato chito / ramro / sajilo cha ?
How far is it ?                                            Kati tadha cha ?
How many hours to reach the next town?    Pallo gau pugna kati ghanta lagcha ?
Where are you going ?                                Kahan janu huncha ?
Where are you coming from ?                     Kata pugera aaunu bhayo ?


If you are a visual learner, then this link might be very helpful for you to learn Nepali language. This link exactly explains how you can learn Nepali Language.
 

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