Nepali Language

 


Thank you for your interest in Nepali language. On this page you will find very helpful tips and techniques from which you can communicate in Nepali language. 

The very first thing you should learn is to say "Hello" in Nepali. In Nepali, you can say "Namaste" for "Hello". When you say "Namaste" to Nepali, then he will be very happy and will be eager to communicate with you. Nepali are by nature very polite and good listeners. 

After saying hello you might be interested to ask "How are you ?"  

English : How are you ? 
Nepali :  " Ke chha timro halkhabar ? "  Or you can say
              " Timilai aja kasto cha ?" For friends or juniors 

Tip : Let us analyze the sentence. The grammar of Nepali is little bit different than the grammar in English. Here "halkhabar" means your health , may be mood etc. On the second sentence "Timilai aja kasto cha ?" may refer to "How are you today? " as well.  The direct meaning of today is "aja".

For elders or respected people 
              " Ke cha tapaiko/ hajurko halkhabar ? "
              "Tapailai / Hajurlai aja kasto cha ? "

Tip : The only thing you can see different is "timi" is changed to "hajur" or "tapai". 

Now once you can say "Hello" and "How are you ? " I think you would definitely want to learn how to answer that as well. 

English : I am fine 
Nepali :  Ma sanchai chu.  ( Ma = "I ", sanchai = "fine", chu = "am")

Let me introduce the Nepalese Language in simple way. I will list various nouns, pronouns, verbs and adjectives and finally present some conversations in Nepali. Conversations include health, transportation, shopping and bargaining, directions, porters etc.


Pronouns

I

ma                           

you (polite) (familiar, for kids)

tapaai, timi

we

haami

he/she (polite)
familiar

wahan
u

For possessives, add - "ko" to the pronoun, name, or noun :

Ram's daughter        Ramko chori
Wheat flour             gauko pitho
Whose book ?          Kasko kitaab ?

Here are some very useful nouns :


Nouns

Book

kitaab

Bottle

sisi

bridge

pul, saanghu

candle

mainbatti

chicken

khukhura

cow

gaai

cup

gilas, kap

dog

kukur

electricity

bijuli

fire

aago

firewood

daura

foot (and leg)

khutta

forest

ban, jungle

government

sarkaar

hill

lekh, pahaad, danda

house

ghar

inn, lodge

laj

kerosene

mattitel

knife

chakku, khukuri

light(lamp)

batti

load

bhaari

luggage

samaan

matches

salaai

medicine

aausadhi, okhati

pass

bhanjyang,

pen

kalaam

place

thau

porter

kulli, bokne manche

religion

dharma

river

khola


In Nepali language, in most of the places verb is used at the last. You may feel little weird because in English language, there is a simple strucutre of Sentence like

Subject + verb + compliment / object

Let's have a look at some commonly used verbs that will help you make some sensible good sentences. 



Commonly used Verbs

arrive

pugnu

buy

kinnu

carry

boknu

come

aaunu

cook

pakaunu

do

garnu

eat( also drink)

khanu

 (to be ) enough

pugnu

forget

birsinu

give

dinu

go

jaanu

help

madat garnu

look for

khojnu

meet

bhetnu

need

chahinu

put

rakhnu

read, study

padhnu

rest

aaram garnu

return

pharkinu, pheri aaunu

sell

bechnu

sit, stay

basnu

sleep

sutnu

take

linu

teach

sikaunu, padhanu

throw out

phalnu

try

kosis garnu

understand

bujhnu

wait

parkhanu

walk

hidnu

wash

dhunu ( face, clothes)

work

kaam garnu

run

daudinu

write

lekhnu

 

 

Useful Dual Verbs:

v. + huncha : to be okey to 
Haami yahaa basna huncha ?  Is it okay for us to stay here ?

v. + sakcha to be possible to, able to 
Tapai bholi jana saknuhuncha ? Can you go tomorrow ?

v. + parcha : to must, have to do something
Bholi bihana saberai janu parcha. Tomorrow we'll have to leave early in the morning. 

v. + man lagcha : to like doing something
Malai Nepalma ghumna jana dheri man parcha . I like wandering around in Nepal a lot. 



Nepali Conversations :

Basic :
How are you ?               Tapailai kasto cha ? (or simply Aramai ?)
I am fine and you ?         Malai sanchai cha, tapai ni ?
I'm / it's okey.                Thik chha. 
What's up ?                    Ke chaa ?
What's the matter, what happened ?  Ke bhayo ?
What's your name ?         Tapaiko naam ke ho ?
My name is ..........           Mero naam ............ ho . 
Where do you live ?          Tapai kahan basnu huncha ?
I'm from US.                    Ma American hu.
How old are you ?            Tapaiko umer kati bhayo ?
I'm 25 years old.               Mero umer 25 barsa bhayo.
Are you married ?             Tapaiko bihaa bhayo ?
Yes I am/ No I 'm not        Bhayo/ Bhayako chaina.
Do you have children ?       Tapaiko baccha cha ?
How many ? Boy or girl ?    Kati jana cha? chora ki chori ?
What kind of word do you do ?  Tapaile k kaam garnu huncha ?
Do you speak English ?              Tapaile English bolnu huncha ?
I speak a little.                         Ma ali ali bolchu.
Please speak slowly.                Bistarai bolnuhos.
I understand.                          Maile bujhe.
I don't understand.                  Maile bujhina.
Pardon ?                                 Hajur ?
Excuse me.                             Maaph garnuhos.
Let's go.                                 Jaau / jam
don't worry.                            Chinta nagarnuhos.
don't be angry.                        Narishaunuhos.
Go away.                                para jau
You shouldn't beg.                   Magnu hudaina.
I won't give anything.                Ma kehi pani dinna.
Don't give me trouble.               Dukha nadeu


Health Conversations :

I'm sick.                               Ma birami bhaye.
Where does it hurt ?              Tapailai kahan dukcha ?
Stomach ache.                       Pet dukcha.
Diarrhoea.                             Pakhala lagyo.
Fever.                                   Jwaro aayo.
Headache.                             Tauko dukhyo.
I'm tired.                               Thakai lagyo.

Shopping and Bargaining :

Do you have ...... ?                ........ chha ki chaina ?
Where can i get ........... ?      ......... kahan paucha ?    
How much is this ?                 Yesko kati ?
How much per kilo ?               Kiloko kati ?
How much for this food ?        khanekurako kati ?
How much for one ?                Aaauta ko kati ?
How much total ?                     Jamma kati bhayo ? total kati ?
No that's too expensive. Give me a little cheaper, please.
Hoina, tyo mahango bhayo. Ali sasto ma dinuhos.
Give me your best price.           Thikka bhannuhos.
Please give me for Rs 90.          nabbe rupaiyama dinuhos.
Here's the money.                       Paisa linuhos.
Bill, please.                                 Hisaab garnuhos. 


Transportation :

Where is this bus going ?                            Yo bus kahan jancha ?
How much is a ticket to .......  ?                  ............... jaane tikat ko kati ?
What time will we reach ........... ?               ............. maa kati baje pugcha ?
What time do we go ?                                 Kati baje jancha ?
Taxi ! Are you empty ?                               Taxi khali ho ?
Please go to Durbar Marg.                          Durbar Margma januhos.
Put on the meter.                                         Mitaarma januhoos na. 
I'll give one-and-a-half times the meter.        Ma mitaarko dedhi dinchu.
How much to go to Patan ?                          Patan jana kati parcha ?

Directions:

Where is ........ ?                                       ............. kahan cha ?
Which is the trail to Namche ?                   Namchema pugnalaai kun bato jancha ?
Which trail is the fastest / best/ easiest ?     Kun bato chito / ramro / sajilo cha ?
How far is it ?                                            Kati tadha cha ?
How many hours to reach the next town?    Pallo gau pugna kati ghanta lagcha ?
Where are you going ?                                Kahan janu huncha ?
Where are you coming from ?                     Kata pugera aaunu bhayo ?



If you are a visual learner, then this link might be very helpful for you to learn Nepali language. This link exactly explains how you can learn Nepali Language. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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